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ACP African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States
AMCOST African Ministerial Council on Science and Technology
ARAPKE African Regional Action Plan on the Knowledge Economy
AU / AUC African Union / African Union Commission
DG INFSO Directorate-General Information Society and Media
EU / EC European Union / European Commission
Euromed Euro-Mediterranean Partnership
FP7 Framework Programme 7
ICT Information Communication Technologies
JSAP Joint Strategy and Action Plan
MDGs Millennium Development Goals
MS Member States
NEPAD New Partnership for Africa’s Development
NREN National Research and Education Network
S&T Science and Technology
S&T CPA Science and Technology Consolidated Plan of Action
e-Infrastructures e-Infrastructures are commonly described as: A combination of ICT-based resources and associated tools and services such as networks, computing systems and scientific data repositories / A new way of collaborating and sharing resources independently of the researcher’s geographical location / A key enabler for virtual global research communities / A driver for social and economic well-being in Europe.
e-Science The term e-Science is used to describe computationally intensive science that is carried out in highly distributed network environments, or science that uses immense data sets that require grid computing; the term sometimes includes technologies that enable distributed collaboration, such as the Access Grid.
Grid Grid computing is the combination of computer resources from multiple administrative domains applied to a common task, usually to a scientific, technical or business problem that requires a great number of computer processing cycles or the need to process large amounts of data.
GÉANT The world’s largest multi-gigabit computer network dedicated to research and education – The pan-European GÉANT network and services enables research communities across Europe, and the world, to transform the way they collaborate on ground-breaking research. Together with the NRENs it connects, the fast and reliable GÉANT communication infrastructure is dedicated to serving Europe’s research and education community.
NREN A national research and education network (NREN) is a specialised Internet service provider dedicated to supporting the needs of the research and education communities within a country. It is usually distinguished by support for a high-speed backbone network, often offering dedicated channels for individual research projects.
Research Networking The provision of data communications networks for the use of the research and academic community.
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